主题词汇 | 从轻率鲁莽到小心谨慎的英语单词

rash
英 [ræʃ] 美 [ræʃ]
皮疹、疹子;轻率的、鲁莽的、毛躁的

  • 我胸部出满了疹子,痒得要命。
    I've got an itchy rash all over my chest.
  • 我觉得他们刚认识几周就结婚有些草率。
    I think it was a bit rash of them to get married when they'd only known each other for a few weeks.

impetuous
英 [ɪmˈpetʃuəs] 美 [ɪmˈpetʃuəs]
鲁莽的、冲动的、轻率的

  • 莽撞的年轻女子
    an impetuous young woman
  • 他太冲动了——为什么他急着做事前不能仔细考虑一下呢?
    He's so impetuous - why can't he think things over before he rushes into them?

heedless
英 [ˈhiːdləs] 美 [ˈhiːdləs]
【正式用语】不加注意、掉以轻心

  • 对雨林的肆意破坏正在加重全球变暖的趋势。
    Heedless destruction of the rainforests is contributing to global warming.
  • 他们顾不上考虑时间或任何其他因素就开始寻找水下洞穴。
    Heedless of time or any other consideration, they began to search the underwater cave...

prudent
英 [ˈpruːdnt] 美 [ˈpruːdnt]
谨慎的、慎重的、精明的

  • 小心谨慎的人是不会轻易冒险的。
    Prudent people are not going to take a leap in the dark
  • 签合同前先好好看一下,这样做永远都是明智的。
    It's always prudent to read a contract carefully before signing it.

wary
英 [ˈweəri] 美 [ˈweri]
(对待人或事物时)小心的、谨慎的、留神的、小心翼翼的

  • 提防那些主动让你搭车的陌生人。
    Be wary of strangers who offer you a ride.
  • 如果不是太熟的话,我不会轻易告诉别人我的地址。
    I'm a little wary of/about giving people my address when I don't know them very well.

chary
英 [ˈtʃeəri] 美 [ˈtʃeri]
不愿冒风险的、小心谨慎的、谨小慎微的

  • 我小心翼翼避免犯太多的愚蠢错误。
    I am rather chary of making too many idiotic mistakes.
  • 选择没有正式注册的旅行社我有点不放心。
    I'm a bit chary of using a travel agency that doesn't have official registration.