主题词汇 | 与必要必须相关的英语单词

compulsory
英 [kəmˈpʌlsəri] 美 [kəmˈpʌlsəri]
(因法律或规则而)必须做的,强制的,强迫的

  • Swimming was compulsory at my school.
    在我们学校,游泳是必修课。
  • The law made wearing seat belts in cars compulsory.
    坐车系安全带是法律强制规定的。
  • compulsory education/schooling
    义务教育

essence
英 [ˈesns] 美 [ˈesns]
本质、实质、精髓

  • 他的画描绘出了法国的神韵。但他到伦敦小画廊兜售自己的画作,结果却以大败告终。
    His paintings captured the essence of France. But his attempts to peddle his paintings around London's tiny gallery scene ended in a fiasco.
  • 由于时间至关重要,他强制性地推行了改革。
    He railroaded the reforms through because time was of the essence.

延伸阅读:小词详解 | essence

entail
英 [ɪnˈteɪl] 美 [ɪnˈteɪl]
牵涉、需要、使必要

  • The job entails a lot of hard work.
    这工作需要十分艰苦的努力。
  • The girls learn exactly what is entailed in caring for a newborn baby.
    姑娘们学的正是怎样照看新生儿。
  • It will entail driving a long distance every day.
    这意味着每天都要长途开车。

gratuitous
英 [ɡrəˈtjuːɪtəs] 美 [ɡrəˈtuːɪtəs]
[贬义]无正当理由(或目的)的;无谓的

  • A lot of viewers complained that there was too much gratuitous sex and violence in the film.
    很多观众抱怨说影片中有太多无谓的色情和暴力镜头。
  • There's too much crime and gratuitous violence on TV.
    电视里充斥着犯罪和无端的暴力。

imperative
英 [ɪmˈperətɪv] 美 [ɪmˈperətɪv]
重要紧急的、迫切的、急需处理的

  • The president said it was imperative that the release of all hostages be secured.
    总统说当前要务是确保所有人质都获释。
  • It's imperative to act now before the problem gets really serious.
    必须现在就采取行动,而不是等到问题变得难以收拾。

incumbent
英 [ɪnˈkʌmbənt] 美 [ɪnˈkʌmbənt]
有责任、必须履行

  • She felt it incumbent upon/on her to raise the subject at their meeting.
    她感到她有义务在他们的会上提出这个问题。
  • It is incumbent upon all of us to make an extra effort.
    我们所有人都必须加倍努力。

indispensable(反义词:dispensable)
英 [ˌɪndɪˈspensəbl] 美 [ˌɪndɪˈspensəbl]
不可或缺的、必不可少的

  • This book is an indispensable resource for researchers.
    这本书是研究者必不可少的资料。
  • His long experience at the United Nations makes him indispensable to the talks.
    在联合国长期的工作经验使他成为谈判中不可或缺的人物。

necessitate
英 [nəˈsesɪteɪt] 美 [nəˈsesɪteɪt]
[正式]使成为必要

  • Recent financial scandals have necessitated changes in parliamentary procedures.
    最近的金融丑闻使得议会程序必须改革。
  • Increased traffic necessitated widening the road.
    交通量增大,这就需要拓宽道路。
  • His new job necessitated him/his getting up at six.
    新工作使他不得不六点钟起床。

oblige
英 [əˈblaɪdʒ] 美 [əˈblaɪdʒ]
(以法律、义务等)强迫、迫使

  • The law obliges companies to pay decent wages to their employees.
    法律强制公司向其雇员支付适当的工资。
  • The law does not obligate sellers to accept the highest offer.
    法律没有强制卖主必须接受最高的出价。
  • I felt obliged to ask them to dinner.
    我不得不请他们吃饭。
  • He suffered a serious injury that obliged him to give up work.
    他受伤严重,不得已只好放弃工作。

obviate
英 [ˈɒbvieɪt] 美 [ˈɑːbvieɪt]
消除、排除、打消

  • A peaceful solution would obviate the need to send a UN military force.
    如果能和平解决就没有必要派遣联合国维和部队了。
  • This new evidence obviates the need for any further enquiries.
    这项新证据排除了继续调查的必要。

prerequisite
英 [ˌpriːˈrekwəzɪt] 美 [ˌpriːˈrekwəzɪt]
先决条件、前提、必备条件

  • A degree is an essential prerequisite for employment at this level.
    学位是做这级工作必备的先决条件。
  • Good self-esteem is a prerequisite for a happy life.
    良好的自尊是幸福生活的前提。
  • Party membership was an essential prerequisite of a successful career.
    成为党员是事业有成必不可少的先决条件。

pressing
英 [ˈpresɪŋ] 美 [ˈpresɪŋ]
紧急的、急迫的

  • a pressing need for housing
    对住房的迫切需求
  • a pressing issue
    紧迫的问题
  • The most pressing question is what do we do next?
    最迫切的问题是接下来我们要做什么?

superfluous
英 [suːˈpɜːfluəs] 美 [suːˈpɜːrfluəs]
过剩的、过多的、多余的

  • The report was marred by a mass of superfluous detail.
    这篇报告坏就坏在里面细枝末节的东西太多。
  • She gave him a look that made words superfluous.
    她看了他一眼,这已表明一切,无须多言了。
  • My presence at the afternoon's proceedings was superfluous.
    我去参加下午的活动是多此一举。