英语标点符号:破折号的用法

在英语中,破折号(─)用单词 dash 表示,其主要用在非正式文体中,用法与冒号分号或括号相同。比如:

  • I'm bored by history─dates and battles and all that stuff.
    我厌烦历史——尽是些年代啦战争啦什么的。
  • He behaves very oddly at times─I don't think he's quite all there.
    他有时候怪里怪气的——我觉得他脑筋不大正常。
  • My father - who rarely gets angry - really lost his temper.
    我父亲真的发脾气了——他是很少生气的。

此外,破折号常常用来引出补充说明或出人意料的事情。

  • 说慢点儿——你都把我搞糊涂了。我真搞不懂你在说什么。
    Slow down a little─you're muddling me. I really couldn't fathom what you are talking about.
  • 这对夫妇未能跨越他们之间的鸿沟。他们的整个婚姻都是在做戏——他们从未相爱过。
    The couple failed to bridge the chasm between them. Their whole marriage had been a charade─they had never loved each other.

值得注意的是,英语中的破折号与连字符(-)很容易混淆,要小心区别。